Vaping . It’s the new nicotine delivery device that has people talking. If you’re not sure what vaping is, it’s when a person inhales and exhales vapor produced by an e-cigarette (e-cig) or similar device. Basically, users are breathing in vaporized liquid nicotine without all of the associated chemicals of regular cigarettes. Vaping is growing in popularity for many reasons, one of which is the hope that it will help people quit smoking . A survey by Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) revealed that 11% of British adults vape.
As vaping becomes more popular, smokers are wondering what impact it has on their lungs . It’s easy to assume that since vaping doesn’t have all of the harmful chemicals found in traditional cigarettes, it is a healthier choice. But, does this mean that your lungs will improve if you swap out your cigarette for an e-cig? To answer that question, we need to look at the ingredients in both products and what their potential effects on lung health are.
Ingredients in E-Cigarettes and Cigarettes
Nicotine is one of the key ingredients found in cigarettes, cigars, and vaping devices. Nicotine is a stimulant that affects your central nervous system. It can make you feel more alert, increase your heart rate and respiration, and give you a rush of energy
1. Basically, it is a drug. But, your body can develop a tolerance to nicotine quickly if you are exposed to it frequently
2. The amount of nicotine found in e-cigarettes varies depending on the manufacturer and product. However, most e-cigs contain some level of nicotine. If you are trying to quit smoking , it is important that you consult your doctor and use strong willpower if you choose to start vaping instead. Nicotine is not safe and it may reduce the ability of your blood to carry oxygen, which can lead to health problems
3. Other ingredients found in cigarette smoke and e-cigarettes include: Propylene Glycol: found in various food items such as cake mix, coffee-based drinks, ice cream and whipped dairy products. It is also used in the manufacturing of polyurethane, pharmaceuticals, pet care products, smoke machines, nicotine vaporizers and fog juice. Polyethylene Glycol 400: an ingredient found in toothpaste, mouthwash, laxatives and skin care products. Carbon Monoxide: this is a colorless, odorless gas that can cause adverse cardiovascular effects even at low concentrations
4. Tar: the combination of organic compounds from tobacco, which contains more than 4,000 chemicals. Ammonia: used in household cleaners and fertilizers
5. Nicotine Vapor Inhalation Process
The process of inhaling vaporized liquid nicotine sounds pretty harmless, right? Not so fast. The vaporization of the liquid in e-cigs produces a chemical called formaldehyde
When you take a puff of an e-cig, there is a spike in airway resistance immediately after the first inhale
6. There is also an increase in adrenaline levels and heart rate.
Since various factors—such as the concentration of nicotine, how long you hold each puff and airflow—affect what is in your vapor, it’s hard to say exactly what kind of effect vaping has on your lungs . However, there are some health risks associated with inhaling formaldehyde , which includes the possibility of developing cancer.